The most obvious symptom is the facial redness that gives the condition its name. The redness persists in the central part of the face. Small blood vessels on the nose and cheeks may become visible. Red bumps resembling the pimples of acne may develop, causing the skin to feel tender and hot. About 50% of rosacea patients also have eye symptoms, including dryness, irritation, swelling, and redness. Eye symptoms may precede facial redness. While rosacea typically affects women more often, men with the condition are more likely to experience an enlarged nose, due to thickening of the skin, a disorder called rhinophyma.
The causes of rosacea are unknown, but it’s thought that a combination of heredity and environment contribute. Personal hygiene is not a cause of the condition.
Risk factors include:
In addition, certain triggers aggravate rosacea by increasing flow to the face. These triggers include:
Some medications reduce the signs of rosacea, including both topical treatments and oral drugs. Topical solutions are temporary, reducing the redness of the affected areas. Oral antibiotics may combat the inflammation causing redness, and isotretinoin, a powerful anti-acne drug, can clear up the lesions of rosacea. This drug can cause serious birth defects, so it shouldn’t be taken during pregnancy.
Therapeutic procedures commonly used to treat rosacea symptoms include lasers and pulsed light therapy to reduce redness from enlarged blood vessels. Contact The Herschthal Practice today to schedule your consultation.