Acne occurs when pores in the skin clog with dead skin cells. Usually, these cells simply shed off the top layer. Natural body oil production increases during puberty, causing the dead skin cells to stick and clump together, and ultimately clog pores. Bacteria that live on the skin can also get trapped in the pore, and from there, multiply quickly. Inflammation appears as a red swollen bump or pimple on the skin. When the inflammation is deeper, an acne cyst can form.
Diagnosis of acne is usually done visually, on a graded scale from 1- 4, with 4 being the most severe. Other conditions can seem like acne, so proper dermatological diagnosis is important.
Treatment depends on many factors, including the age of the patient, the severity of the acne and other things such as gender. While not every regimen works for different patients, trying multiple treatments is not uncommon. There are three main treatment routes, depending on the individual case.
Acne treatment that you apply on the skin. Skin applications, or topical treatments, may kill bacteria or reduce skin oil production. Topical treatments may contain a retinoid, prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide, antibiotic, or even salicylic acid. Dr. David or Dr. Jordana will determine what treatment is best for your skin type.
Acne treatment that works throughout the body. Some acne types, especially those that are red, swollen types of acne, require medicine that works throughout the entire body. These can include
Dermatology procedures. Dr. David or Dr. Jordana may recommend dermatology procedures that can reduce acne. These treatment procedures include:
The Herschthal Practice recommends the following tips for skin care:
Nearly every case of acne can be treated effectively. Contact The Herschthal Practice for an appointment to begin a treatment plan to address even the most frustrating acne issues.